When a patient visited a clinic with deadly mouth disease , doctors were shocked when they saw her teeth engulfed in a case of overgrown gum, which resembled a strawberry.
The woman informed specialists that she began to notice the increase in size six weeks prior and had also suffered from nose bleeds.
The 42-year-old also had several ulcers on her face, which were ‘eating away’ at her face, according to the case study, which was reported in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Dr Maryam Ghiasi treated the woman at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran, and said lab tests confirmed she was suffering from granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), with tests showing several nodules in her lungs.
In the report, she said: “Strawberry gingivitis is a rare manifestation of granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and its clinical presentation is highly suggestive of the disease.”
The 42-year-old’s teeth became encased in overgrown gum.
Speaking about the case, Dr Joseph Nemeth, a peridontist from the United States, said: “The tissue can look like strawberries. However, it is a symptom of a very serious vascular or blood vessel disease. If not caught early it can be fatal”
“As dentists we are often the first to actually see something like this because the patient might not be aware of symptoms other than what’s going on in their mouth. This is an extreme case. These cases are not common, but they do occur.”
“A blood vessel disease can be treated if caught early but if not, it can be fatal.”
GPA can be deadly if not treated correctly as it causes severe damage to the body and can stop the kidneys working properly. The patient didn’t return for a check up so doctors are uncertain what of the outcome.
It’s thought to be caused by a problem with the immune system, which makes it attack the blood vessels in the body. Although specialists are unsure exactly what the root cause is, they believe it is triggered by an infection or virus.
The rare disease can prove fatal, causing major damage to the body, including preventing the kidneys from functioning if left untreated.
There are a number of signs to look out for when trying to spot the deadly condition, such as fatigue, hearing loss, rashes and lumps, as well as diarrhoea, double vision and even blood in urine.
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